This study used cognitive interviewing to adapt the PELI, originally designed for home care clients, for use with nursing home (NH) residents. Content validity was initially established using a panel of long-term care experts. Preference for Everyday Living Inventory (PELI) items were cognitively interviewed with 31 Veteran and 39 non-Veteran participants. Responses guided revisions of the PELI to include language that NH residents use and understand, reducing potential measurement error and ensuring the preferences assessed are relevant to NH residents. Using the PELI in the nursing home setting helps clinical teams provide person-centered care informed by resident preferences.

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Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Office of Research and Development, National Institute of Nursing Research (R21NR011334)


Curyto, K., VanHaitsma, K. S., & Towsley, G. L. (2016). Cognitive interviewing: Revising the preferences for everyday living inventory (PELI) for use in the nursing home. Research in Gerontological Nursing, 9(1), 24-34. doi: 10.3928/19404921-20150522-04.

Team Members as Authors

Members of the the PELI Team who contributed to this publication.

Kimberly VanHaitsma, Ph.D., FGSA

Avatar for Dennis Cheatham

Dennis Cheatham

Communication Director

Professor, Penn State Ross and Carol Nese College of Nursing
Director, Program for Person-Centered Living Systems of Care

Kimberly VanHaitsma, Ph.D., FGSA