Assessing nursing home (NH) residents’ preferences is a cornerstone of person-centered care (PCC), yet little is known about how cognitive ability influences the importance of reported preferences. This study examined the effect of cognitive ability on the level and stability of preference ratings. NH residents (n = 255) with no/low, mild, or moderate cognitive impairment completed PELI interviews twice. The study found no significant differences among cognitive groups in importance ratings at baseline and over 3 months. Findings underscore the value of assessing preferences to support PCC for people with and without cognitive impairment.

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National Institute of Nursing Research (R21NR011334)


Carey, C. J., Heid, A. R., & VanHaitsma, K. (2017). Preferences for everyday living: Understanding the impact of cognitive status on preference importance ratings in nursing homes. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 44(5), 9-17. doi:10.3928/00989134-20171002-03

Team Members as Authors

Members of the the PELI Team who contributed to this publication.

Kimberly VanHaitsma, Ph.D., FGSA

Avatar for Dennis Cheatham

Dennis Cheatham

Communication Director

Professor, Penn State Ross and Carol Nese College of Nursing
Director, Program for Person-Centered Living Systems of Care

Kimberly VanHaitsma, Ph.D., FGSA